Waste Heat Recovery Through Near-Field Thermophotonics

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Waste Heat Recovery Through Near-Field Thermophotonics

Acronym

TPX-Power

Project description

Waste heat generated by industry, transport, data processing and other energy intensive processes form enormous energy streams that is typically hard to exploit despite their abundancy. In most cases the low-to-medium exhaust temperaturess of the processes make energy re-harvesting challenging with presently available technologies using expensive and bulky mechanical turbines or the emerging solid state thermophotovoltaic (TPV) or thermoelectric (TE) systems. In WASTE-NET we aim to demonstrate a new disruptive approach to thermal energy recovery, ideally allowing a large power density and a competitive energy harvesting efficiency even for low temperature energy streams. The approach harnesses the thermodynamics of electroluminescence (EL), near field (NF) photon transport and photovoltaic (PV) energy production to convert the very recent advances in intracavity thermophotonic (TPX) cooling into a new heat engine technology. The NF TPX heat engines use the superthermal emission from an electrically excited light emitting diode (LED) heated by waste heat, to illuminate a PV cell kept at ambient temperature. This configuration can enable a substantial performance boost compared to existing technologies. To access this potential we build a multidisciplinary consortium providing access to the complementary expertise needed to combine the necessary elements from LEDs, solar cells and NF physics. If successful, WASTE-NOT can demonstrate and set on motion the development of a cost- and power-efficient heat energy harvesting technology with unprecedented possibilities throughout the sectors where waste heat is produced. At best the technology could nearly double the efficiency of combustion engines and provide a pollution free energy source substantially improving the process efficiency of any waste heat producing process, effectively providing a negative-emission energy source.
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Starting year

2021

End year

2024

Granted funding

960 152 €
Coordinator
TF2 DEVICES B.V. (NL)
349 750 €
Participant
STICHTING KATHOLIEKE UNIVERSITEIT (NL)
808 652 €
Participant
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS (FR)
601 397 €
Participant

Amount granted

3 423 001 €

Funder

European Union

Funding instrument

Research and Innovation action

Framework programme

Horizon 2020 Framework Programme

Call

Programme part
FET Proactive (H2020-EU.1.2.2.)
Topic
FET Proactive: emerging paradigms and communities (FETPROACT-EIC-05-2019)
Call ID
H2020-EIC-FETPROACT-2019

Other information

Funding decision number

951976