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The full-time equivalents (FTEs) of foreign teaching and research staff at higher education institutions

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TThe image shows the development of foreign teaching and research staff at Finnish universities of applied sciences and universities. You can examine the number and proportion of foreign staff separately. For universities of applied sciences, the FTEs carried out by foreign citizens have been given as one block, whereas for universities they have been separated into research career tiers I–II and III–IV. Universities use a four-tier research career system (I–IV). Examples of typical titles on each tier include the following:

  • Tier I: junior researchers and doctoral candidates
  • Tier II: postdoctoral researchers
  • Tier III: university lecturers
  • Tier IV: professors and research directors
Source:Annual data collection of the Ministry of Education and Culture
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