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Levels and degrees of openness

The image shows the levels and degrees of openness for universities, universities of applied sciences and research institutes. The degree of openness is presented for each area: culture for open scholarship, data and infrastructures, publications and education. Within the area the degrees are also shown along the ways of promoting openness: policy documents, services, collaboration and outputs.



Monitoring indicators are used to define open science and research profiles for the organisations and their degree for open science and research. Limited indicators will be used in 2022.  For the monitoring rounds in 2024, they will be increased to cover all aspects. The scoring principles are transparent and available to everyone.

Points are accrued from each indicator.  The points are either ’base points’ or ’additional points’. The base points cover practices that are central to the implementation of the guidelines for all organisations. The additional points are for practices that are still new, evolving or produce added value.


Degree of openness

Sum of the points defines the degree of openness of the organisation for each area. The degree of openness (1–5) of an area for each organisation is determined by the percentage share of maximum number of base scores on one hand, and of maximum number of total points on the other.  The percentage-based approach makes it possible to add new indicators to the monitoring process in the future, making it scalable to the development of open science and research.


Profile of openness

The degree of openness in the different areas will form the organisations’ profile of openness.  The profile demonstrates the degree of openness of an organisation in different areas (publications, data and infrastructure, education and culture of open scholarship) and, if necessary, the degree of openness can also be examined from the perspective of practices (policy documents, services, cooperation and outputs).


Overall level of openness

The profile is also used to assess an organisation’s overall level of openness.  In addition to the baseline, there are five levels of openness. The levels are defined in such a way that the next level requires either a one-step increase in two areas or a two-step increase in one area (i.e., an overall increase of a half-step in all areas). In addition, rising to higher overall levels requires that all areas of the profile improve to some degree.


Source:Avoin tiede ja tutkimus, tutkimustietovaranto/VIRTA ja Avointen oppimateriaalien kirjasto
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